This AMCIS seminar aims at uncovering whether the sharp increase in out-migration from Italy during the years of the Great Recession (2009-2014) had any impact on Italian fertility.
|Date||9 May 2019|
|Time||15:30 - 16:45|
Specifically, Balbo investigates how self-selection into out-migration of people emigrating from Italy during the recent economic crisis affected fertility in the area of origin of emigrants.
She exploits the richness of the Administrative Registry of Italians Residing Abroad (AIRE), that collects information about all Italian citizens moving their residence abroad, as well as the Italian birth records at the province level. Using an instrumental variable approach, that allows to overcome the endogeneity issues in the fertility-migration relationship, we find a positive impact of emigration on fertility at the Italian province level.
This result suggests that emigrants are selected among those individuals who have a lower risk of having children. Such positive effect of out-migration on fertility in the area of origin could partially counteract the negative effect of increasing unemployment on fertility, thereby leading to an underestimation of the effect of the economic crisis on fertility.
Balbo is Assistant Professor in Sociology at the Policy Analysis and Public Management Department, Università Bocconi, Milan. Next to that, she is a Research Fellow at the DONDENA Centre for Research on Social Dynamics and Public Policy.
Balbo's research interests focus on sociology of the family (life course, fertility decision-making), social and personal networks, subjective well-being and health behaviors among young people.