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This new Working Paper analyses the employment participation and occupational status of Moroccan and Turkish Second Generation Migrants in the Netherlands. Results show important ethnic differences in how family background and human capital affect labor market outcomes.

Family background (i.e. parental education, cultural capital) and skills (i.e. linguistic proficiency, numeracy abilities) are considered in this analysis, providing a more refined analyses of ethnic differences in the labor market than in previous studies.

The authors find that:

  • Men’s employment participation is unevenly low amongst Moroccan and Turkish Second Generation Migrants (SGM), even after controlling for family background, education, and skills.
  • For women, the low levels of employment participation of Moroccan and Turkish SGM are largely explained by family background, whereas linguistic proficiency also reduces substantially their low employment participation, especially amongst Turkish SGM.
  • For occupational status, men from Turkish origins are the only disadvantaged group, yet this is entirely explained by their social origins.
  • Finally, women from Moroccan and Turkish origins are not disadvantaged in their occupational status, and clearly achieve higher occupational positions than their counterparts with Dutch-born parents coming from similar family backgrounds. 


Download working paper